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UNESCO World Heritage Sites in India

UNESCO World Heritage Sites in India – The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) World Heritage Sites are significant spots of social or characteristic legacy as depicted in the UNESCO World Heritage Convention, set up in 1972.

There are 38 World Heritage Sites located in India. These incorporate 30 social locales, seven characteristic destinations, and one blended criteria site. India has the 6th biggest number of locales on the planet.

  • Cultural Sites – 30
  • Natural Sites – 07
  • Mixed – 01

There are 10 criteria in total among which one is required for getting enlisted in World Heritage Sites as follows

  1. Human Creative Genius
  2. Interchange of Values
  3. Testimony to Cultural tradition
  4. Significance in Human history
  5. Traditional Human Settlement
  6. Heritage associated with events of Universal significance
  7. Natural phenomena or beauty
  8. Major stages of Earth’s history
  9. Significant ecological and biological processes
  10. A significant natural habitat for biodiversity

UNESCO World Heritage Sites in India – Cultural Sites

Name of Sites Image Year Location  Significance
Agra Fort Agra Fort 1983 Uttar Pradesh The most important monumental structures by the Mughal empire
Ajanta Caves Ajanta Caves 1983 Maharashtra Famous for Buddhist Rock-cut cave monuments
Archaeological Site of Nalanda Mahavihara Archaeological Site of Nalanda Mahavihara 2016 Bihar Buddhist monastery
Buddhist Monuments Buddhist Monuments Sanchi 1989 Sanchi, Madhya Pradesh Famous for Monolithic Pillars, Palaces, Temples and Monasteries
Champaner-Pavagadh Archaeological Park Champaner-Pavagadh Archaeological Park 2004 Gujarat The only unchanged Islamic pre-Mughal city
Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus 2004 Maharashtra Houses one of the finest railway stations in the world
Churches and Convents of Goa Churches and Convents of Goa 1986 Goa Famous for Rome of the Orient. First Latin Rite Mass in Asia
Elephanta Caves Elephanta Caves 1987 Maharashtra Famous for Hindu and Buddhist Caves
Ellora Caves Ellora Caves 1983 Maharashtra Caves excavated out of Hills, Rock-cut Architecture
Fatehpur Sikri Fatehpur Sikri 1986 Uttar Pradesh It constitutes Jama Masjid, Buland Darwaza, Panch Mahal, Diwan-e-khas and Diwan-e-aam
Great Living Chola Temples Great Living Chola Temples 1987 Thanjavur, Tamilnadu Famous for Chola Architecture, Sculpture and Bronze Casting
Group of Monuments at Hampi Group of Monuments at Hampi 1986 Karnataka A Legendary lost city
Group of Monuments at Mahabalipuram Group of Monuments at Mahabalipuram 1984 Tamilnadu Famous for Chariot Temples, Mandapas & Pallava Dynasty Architecture
Group of Monuments at Pattadakal Group of Monuments at Pattadakal 1987 Karnataka Famous for Chalukya Style of Architecture
Hill Forts of Rajasthan Hill Forts of Rajasthan 2013 Rajasthan Famous for Rajput Military Defence Architecture
Historic City of Ahmadabad Historic City of Ahmadabad 2017 Ahmadabad India’s First World Heritage City
Humayun’s Tomb 1993 Delhi A precursor to Taj Mahal
Jaipur City Jaipur City 2019 Rajasthan The city of Palaces and Forts
Khajuraho Group of Monuments Khajuraho Group of Monuments 1986 Madhya Pradesh One of the finest temple art structures for Hindu and Jain Temples
Mahabodhi Temple Mahabodhi Temple 2002 Bihar The place where Gautama Buddha attained enlightenment
Mountain Railways of India Mountain Railways of India 1999 Darjeeling Mountain Railways of India, Darjeeling Himalayan Railway, Niligiri Mountain Railway and Kalka-Shimla
Qutub Minar Qutub Minar 1993 Delhi World’s tallest brick minaret
Rani ki Vav Rani ki Vav 2014 Gujarat One of the fine ancient Indian Architecture
Red Fort Red Fort 2007 Delhi Red Sandstone Architecture
Rock Shelters of Bhimbetka Rock Shelters of Bhimbetka 2003 Madhya Pradesh Famous Rock Paintings
Sun Temple Sun Temple 1984 Odisha Famous for the traditional style of Kalinga Architecture
Taj Mahal Taj Mahal 1983 Uttar Pradesh One of the Seven Wonders of the World
Architectural Work of Le Corbusier (Capitol Complex)  Architectural Work of Le Corbusier 2016 Chandigarh An outstanding contribution to Modern Movement
Jantar Mantar Jantar Mantar 2010 Rajasthan one of the oldest astronomical observatories in the world
Victorian Gothic and Art Deco Ensembles Victorian Gothic and Art Deco Ensembles 2018 Mumbai It is a collection of 94 buildings of great cultural importance

UNESCO World Heritage Sites in India – Natural Sites

Name of Sites Image Year Location  Significance
Great Himalayan National Park Great Himalayan National Park 2014 Himachal Pradesh Home to almost 350 species of flora and 800 species of fauna
Kaziranga National Park Kaziranga National Park 1985 Assam One of the greatest wildlife emblems of the country
Keoladeo National Park Keoladeo National Park 1985 Rajasthan Famous for Man-made wetland Bird Sanctuary
Manas Wildlife Sanctuary Manas Wildlife Sanctuary 1985 Assam Famous for Tiger Reserve Project
Nanda Devi and Valley of Flowers National Parks Nanda Devi and Valley of Flowers National Parks 1988 Uttarakhand Comprises glaciers and high mountain peaks
Sundarbans National Park Sundarbans National Park 1987 West Bengal Home to Royal Bengal Tigers
Western Ghats Western Ghats 2012 Tamilnadu, Kerala, Karnataka & Maharashtra Includes many National Parks, Wildlife Sanctuaries and Reserve Forest

UNESCO World Heritage Sites in India – Mixed Sites

Name of Sites Image Year Location  Significance
Khangchendzonga National Park Khangchendzonga National Park 2016 Sikkim It includes the world’s third-highest peak

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