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List of First in India

List of First in India – India is a developing country Indian, we are progressing to a better place with the upliftment of various domains related to arts, science, architecture, sports, etc. In this article, we have covered the list of the first achievements of India and Indians in various fields such as Science, Governance, Defence, Sports, Architecture. This is an important topic for UPSC and all other government or competitive exams.

List of First in India

Architecture

First Dam in India Kallanai Dam – Constructed by Chola King Karikala Cholan Thiruchirapalli 2nd Century CE
First Stepwell in India Mata Bhavani Gujarat 11th Century
First Temple Constructed from a Single Rock Kailasa Temple – Constructed by Rashtrakuta king Krishna I Ellora 744 CE
First Temple in Kalinga Architecture Konark Sun Temple Puri, Odisha 1255 AD
First Indian Temple with many interconnected structures Brihadeeshwarar Temple Tanjore 1002 AD
First True Dome in India Alai Darwaza, Qutb Complex – Constructed by first Khalji Sultan of Delhi, Ala-ud-din Khalji Delhi 1311 CE
First Church in India St. Thomas Church Palayur, Kerala 52 AD
First Mosque in India Cheraman Juma Mosque Methala, Kerala 629 AD

Nobel Prize 

First Nobel Prize in Literature Rabindranath Tagore 1913
First Nobel Prize in Physics Sir. C. V. Raman 1930
First Nobel Peace Prize Mother Teresa 1979
First Nobel Prize in Economics Amartya Sen 1998
First India-born recipient in Peace Kailash Sathyarthi 2014

Science

First Hydroelectric Plant in India Sidrapong, Darjeeling 1897
First Indian Man in Space Rakesh Sharma 3 April 1984
First Indian Woman in Space Kalpana Chawla 19 November 1997
First Test-Tube Baby in India Durga Agarwal Born in 1978
First Nuclear Reactor in India Apsara, Mumbai
First Satellite in India Aryabhata 19 April 1975
First satellite indigenous launch vehicle of India SLV-3
First Technology Park in India Trivandrum 1990
First Humanoid Robot in India Manav 2015
First Graduate in Medicine from India Surjo Kumar Chakraborty

Governance

First President of India Dr. Rajendra Prasad 1950-62
First Vice-President of India Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan 1952-62
First Prime Minister of India Jawaharlal Nehru 1947-64
First Deputy Prime Minister of India Vallabhbhai Patel 1947-50
First Viceroy of India Lord Canning 1858
First Governor-General of India Lord William Bentinck 1833
First Governor-General of Independent India Lord Mountbatten 1947
First Chief Election Commissioner of India Sukumar Sen 1950
First Chief Justice of India H.J. Kania 1947-51
First Finance Minister of Independent India R. K. Shanmukham Chetty 1947-49
First Home Minister of India Sardar Vallabhai Patel
First Speaker of Lok Sabha in India G. V. Mavlankar 1952-56
First Chairperson of Lokpal of India Pinaki Chandra Ghose

Sports

First Olympics Team Medal Gold in Field Hockey (1928, Summer Olympics)
First Indian woman wrestler to win an Asian gold medal Navjot Kaur
First Indian woman badminton player to win an Asian Games medal Saina Nehwal
First Indian woman to win a medal at Asian Games Santhi Soundarajan
First-person to win an international bronze medal in skiing Aanchal Thakur
First Woman to Win an Olympic Silver Medal P. V. Sindhu in Badminton
First female to represent India at the Summer Olympics Nora Polley, 1924 Summer Olympics
First Individual Gold Medal won by Abhinav Bindra, 2008 Summer Olympics in Beijing
First Woman to Win a Medal in Wrestling Sakshi Malik Bronze in the 2016 Summer Olympics

Women – First in India

First Woman Speaker of Lok Sabha Meira Kumar (2009)
First Woman President in India Pratiba Patil
First Woman Prime Minister in India Indira Gandhi
First Woman Governor Sarojini Naidu
First Woman IPS Officer in India Kiran Bedi
First Woman Chief Minister of State Sucheta Kripalani
First Woman Union Minister in India Rajkumari Amrita Kaur
First Woman President of INC Annie Besant
First Woman Judge of Supreme Court in India Meera Sahib Fatima Bibi
First Woman to get Ashok Chakra in India Nirja Bhanot
First Indian Woman Ambassador at UN Vijalakshmi Pandit
First woman who reached Antarctica from India Mahel Musa
First Woman to get Nobel Prize Mother Teresa
First Woman to swim across English Channel from India Arati Saha
First Indian Woman to climb Mt Everest Bachendri Pal
First Indian Miss World Miss Reita Faria
First Indian to climb Mt Everest twice Santhosh Yadhav
First Indian Miss Universe Susmita Sen
First Indian Woman to get Bharat Ratna Indira Gandhi
First Indian Woman to get Jnanpith Award Ashapurna Devi
First Indian Woman to win WTA Title Sania Mirza
First Indian Woman Airline Pilot Durga Banerjee
First Indian Woman to win Gold in Asian Games Kamaljeet Sandhu
First Indian Woman President of INC Sarojini Naidu
First Indian Woman to Booker Prize Arundhati Roy
First Woman Musician to get Bharat Ratna MS Subbalakshmi
First Indian Woman to go to space Kalpana Chawla

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